Christopher Columbus’ First Voyage Summary – Phase 1

Here we will give a short summary of Christopher Columbus’ first voyage to America (or the new world). 

Christopher Columbus started his first voyage in 1492, on the month of August 3rd.

In search of a sea route to Asia (for trade), he began the voyage from ‘Palos de la Frontera’ Port of Spain.

That day, the scenario of Palos port was quite different and charming.

Including other common people, king Ferdinand and queen Isabella also went there to wish him for the journey.

In total with three ships, named Santa Maria (largest), Nina, and Pinta, captain Columbus started the first voyage with his 89 associates.

Spanish king and queen hoped that if would get success in his mission then Spain’s luck would be changed forever.

The time he began his journey was the evening of the day.

christopher columbus first voyage summary

Phase 2

The same year on the month of September 6th, his ships reached near Canary Islands of Africa.

This was the time when all their food and other necessary equipment started being finished.

Gradually, the condition of his crew members also started deteriorating. But Columbus never gave up, he kept motivating them.

Finally, after two months on October 12th, Columbus landed on an island in the Bahamas.

He thought they reached the Bay of Gulf.

He named the island ‘San Salvador’. Present-day, this is the capital of El Salvador. That time, their locals called it ‘Guanahani’.


Christopher Columbus’ First Voyage – Phase 3

From October of 1492, he explored various places in the new world.

Two of them were the northeast coast of Cuba (October 28, 1492) and the north-western coast of Hispaniola (December 5, 1492).

Then Columbus met Cacique Guacanagari (local king) and requested him to let some men left behind.

After taking permission from Cacique Guacanagari, he left his 39 men in ‘La Navidad’ (present-day Republic of Haiti).

In the year 1493 on January 15th, Columbus prepared sail of Nina (Ship) and Pinta to return back to Spain.


Phase 4

While returning back to Spain, on the way, Columbus and his crew faced some biggest storms in the sea.

Finally, on the 15th of March 1493, they were able to arrive back in Spain.

In Spain, they were welcomed like heroes, who supposed to return back after discovering Asia.

To prove that he succeeded, Columbus showed some things, which he brought from the new world.

The things were:

  • Samples of gold
  • Pearls
  • Jewelry, he stole from natives
  • Flowers
  • Birds
  • Some native people, he kidnapped
  • And more.

Columbus insistently tried proving that he reached Asia and China.

Though in the original case, one was Cuba (he believed to be Asia) and another was Hispaniola (he believed to be China).

Interesting Facts Related To Columbus' First Voyage

4 Interesting Facts Related To Columbus’ First Voyage

1. After 10 days from the beginning of Columbus’ first voyage, when the needle of his compass no longer pointing to the North Star; they thought that Columbus had discovered magnetic declination.

But ironically (for him), later he got to know that the Europeans were already aware of the phenomenon.

2. In his first voyage, when he met many of its aboriginals, Columbus thought that they had no religious belief of their own.

Hence he believed, they can easily convert the people to Christianity. 

3. By believing that he had discovered India, he named its native people ‘Indios’ (This is a Spanish word, which means ‘Indians’).

4. Do you know what Christopher Columbus was a greedy tyrant?

Yes, I am not kidding.

Actually, when he was on his first voyage, he captured and killed many of its natives for various purposes.

Mainly for slavery.

He even insisted prisoners guiding him for the sources of gold, silver, pearls, and other precious metals.

He mentioned in his writings that due to natives’ weak war tactics and weapons, it was easier to defeat them.

Along with the help of his only 50 men, Columbus defeated the natives’ entire group and ruled them as he wanted.


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