How Was The Early Life of Christopher Columbus?
In this post, I will explain to you how was the early life of Christopher Columbus.
So, if you want to know this explorer’s early life and adventures then this answer is definitely going to help you a lot.
Here is how he passed his early life –
Birth of The Explorer
Still, there are some controversies over his date and the exact place of birth.
However, the majority of historians assume that Christopher Columbus was born in the Republic of Genoa, in 1451, on 31st October.
Present-day, the Republic of Genoa is in Italy.
This was the beginning age of the Renaissance in Europe.
Who Were His Parents? – Mother And Father
Columbus’s father’s name was Domenico Colombo. His father was an Italian weaver and a wool merchant.
Columbus’s mother’s name was Susanna Fontanarossa.
Along with Columbus, they had 5 children in total.
His other four siblings were:
- Giovanni Pellegrino Colombo
- Bartholomew Columbus
- Giacomo Colombo
- And Bianchinetta Colombo (The only sister).
Was Christopher Columbus His Real Name?
We found so many disputable accounts over his original name.
According to some historians, Christopher Columbus was not his real name. This name was actually an anglicization form of the original one.
Because he was born in Italy, so his original name was Cristoforo Colombo. They believe, probably, this was his birth name.
Some other names assumed associated with him:
- Cristóbal Colón
- Christofferus de Colombo
- Xpoual de Colón
Family’s Economic Condition
Earlier, Christopher Columbus’s family background was not that strong.
The only wealth that he had was his courage.
This was the reason, why at a very early age of 10 years old, he started doing a job at a merchant ship.
Columbus went to school for some very short time but soon he had to leave that out.
Although he was a highly self-educated person, he never left studying new books and gathering knowledge consistently.
Dream To Became A Navigator And Explorer
As a little kid, he always felt a fascination with oceans.
The legend started the journey of seas, while he was just a teenager (10 years old kid). Back then, he got a job on a merchant ship in Portugal.
He worked on that ship till 1476.
In the 1476 century, while moving to England, a group of sea-wolf (pirates) attacked them and set the ship on fire.
However, somehow Columbus managed to save his life and reached Lisbon by floating on a scrap of wood.
After this major incident, he decided that he would work on his own.
So, this was how Columbus started planning for his future adventures and gathering knowledge, he started studying Navigation, Mathematics, Cartography, and Astronomy.
To Whom Christopher Columbus Married With?
In 1479, he married a Portuguese woman, named Filipa Moniz Perestrelo.
Not certainly; but around late 1479 to 1480, they birth to their first child Diego Columbus.
Following his father’s footsteps, he also became a navigator and explorer.
Although, Christopher had a physical relationship with another Spanish woman, named Beatriz Enríquez de Arana.
Columbus had a son with this woman too.
His name was Ferdinand Columbus, born on 24th August 1488 in Spain. In later years, Ferdinand became a Bibliographer.
Why And How He Began His First Voyage?
Europe and Asia had a long history of trade through ground routes. The trades had been going on for thousands of years.
These routes passed through the Middle-East Asian region.
But due to the rapid rise of the Ottoman Empire from the early 15th century, trade between these two continents became difficult.
Especially, when the Ottomans increased taxes.
For this reason, many countries of Europe such as Portugal, Spain, England started having many troubles.
To solve this issue, they now started focusing on finding an easier sea route to Asia (mainly to India, China, etc).
For this same purpose, Christopher Columbus’s journey also began on August 3, 1492.
Here he was sponsored by Spanish monarchs Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile.
How Columbus Discovered America By Mistake?
Usually, the sailors who wanted to reach Asia had one plan, that was via crossing the African continent.
But Columbus had a different plan.
He argued that they should travel through the west across the Atlantic, instead of crossing the giant African continent.
He believed, if it succeeds, it would reduce the distance between these two continents.
Though, his argument had weight; but his calculations were wrong.
As a result, instead of discovering Asia or India; he discovered the two completely new continents, which were, of course, the Americas.