How Colonists Reacted To The Boston Port Act?
So, you want to know how did the colonists of the 13 North American colonies react to the cruel Boston Port Act of 1774.
|Short & Direct Answer:
1. First of All, Colonists Defined It As One of The Five Worst Intolerable Acts.
2. Secondly, In Response To The Port Act, They Imposed Economic Sanctions Over British Goods’ Import To The Colonies.
3. Thirdly, On 1st June, When The Parliament Decided To Enforce The Law, People All Over The 13 Colonies Observed As A Day of Fasting And Mourn For Showing Their Sympathy Towards The People of Boston.
This Sympathy Emotionally Unified The People of The 13 Colonies. This Unification Began The Journey To The Birth of The United States of America.
4. From September 5th To October 26th, Delegates From All Over The Colonies (Except Georgia) Met In The First Continental Congress.
This Meetings’ Main Motive Was To Counter The British Parliament’s Punitive Decisions And Set Up Militias For Inevitable Armed Conflicts Against English Red Coats.
5. Finally, On 19th April 1775, The Battles of Lexington & Concord Took Place. This Battle Broke All The Dams For The American Revolutionary War.
In a simple sentence, they considered this law as the face of vengeance from the British parliament and king Geroge III over the incident of the Boston Tea Party.
Even they included it among one of those five Intolerable Acts of 1774.
Colonists argued that the British government was trying to abrogate their rights of living like English citizens.
They considered this law unconstitutional and blamed it for violating the Bill of Rights.
They rationalized that not all the people from Boston were involved in that tea party incident. So, imposing the port act over all of them was really unjust.
From the next year (1775), along with other causes, this act also provoked colonists to choose the path of the Revolutionary War for full independence.
What Actually The Boston Port Act Tried To Do?
In 1774 on March 31st, punishing colonists for their rebellious activity (mainly Boston Tea Party), the British authority completely closed the Boston Harbor through the new act.
British authority demanded the city residence worth 1 million dollars for their loss.
Authority insisted, until the people of Boston were to compensate East India Company for their losses, they would not let the port be opened.
Even going one step further, to humiliate Bostonians for their doing, the parliament also demanded them to say sorry to British King George.
Parliament believed that the act would make colonists oblige to leave the way of rebellion.
But did it really happen?
No, nothing happened as they wished; contrary, the wind started flowing against their expectation.
What Was The Result And Response To The Act?
Along with this one, the other 4 Coercive Acts (or Intolerable Acts) became a nightmare to the people of the 13 colonies.
Those started threatening their life and security.
Therefore, as a response to those laws of 1774, the delegates of the colonies (except Georgia) united in a meeting in Philadelphia.
The meeting is known as the First Continental Congress (organized from 1774’s September 5th to October 26th).
Here most importantly, they decided to boycott British goods’ import to the colonies.
And they did it successfully.
This time, in return, it became a nightmare for Britain.
Because colonists’ boycott reduced British goods’ import to the colonies by 97 percent. Especially in Boston, Massachusetts province.
Along with this, Continental Congress also suggested the colonies’ delegates set up their own militias for inevitable major armed conflicts against the British red coats (English army).