How Did American Settlers Justify Taking Land From Native Americans?
|Answer In Short & Quick:
1. According To European Origin American Settlers, Natives Were Not Using Their Lands, Though They Should Do. For This Reason, It Is The Europeans’ Divine Right To Take Control Over The Lands And Use Them For Their Own Benefit.
2. Secondly, After The 13 Colonies’ Independence From Great Britain And The Formation of The United States of America, The New Government Became Hostile Towards The Natives. Because During The Revolutionary War’s Time, They Supported & Fought Battles From British Crown’s Side. In This Case, They Brought Various Policies To Remove Natives From Their Own Lands. For Example, In 1830, The United States Government Passed The ‘Indian Removal Act’ To Depart Natives From Their Own Places.
Read The Following To Learn Better…
The time periods are:
1. The beginning period of Europeans’ colonization (1500-1700) in the new world.
2. The second time period begins after the independence of the 13 North American colonies from their mother country Great Britain and the formation of the United States of America (After 1776).
So let’s light over these two time periods and their justification:
1. Beginning Period of Europeans’ Colonization (1500-1700)
In 1492, an Italian-Spanish navigator, explorer named Christopher Columbus discovered the new world by mistake while finding a sea route to Asia.
Commotion struck once the news reached Europe.
From the 1500 century, in countries like Great Britain, France, Germany, and Spain, people started migrating to the new world with the hope of better life and also for establishing colonies.
At that time there was no lack of land to live on that continent.
The Native people who lived there did not have a massive population that could cause problems of living and working.
Either way, they were not using those lands for cultivation because of their primary dependency upon hunting.
European immigrants justified – the native people in the new continent were not using those lands properly, nor did they feel its necessity.
Therefore, it was the Europeans’ divine right to take control over the lands and use them for their own benefits.
Even those people believed that God has sent them to the continent so that they could use the land and natural resources there.
[Interesting Fact: Did You Know? Christopher Columbus Discovered America By Mistake While Finding A Sea Route To Asia. For The First Time When Columbus Encountered Some of The New World’s Aboriginals, He Thought Them Indians. Seeing Their Body’s Little Red Color, He Named Them ‘Red Indians’. However, Later, Those People Got Recognized With ‘Native American’ Name]
2. After The Independence of The 13 British North American Colonies (After 1776)
From the middle of the 18th century, American Revolution began against the autocratic rule of Great Britain.
During this period of time, the Native people here supported the Empire of Great Britain against the colonists (or revolutionaries) of the 13 colonies.
Even, Natives had taken up arms for fighting against revolutionaries.
But whatever they did, not proved to be good for them.
In the year 1776, the 13 colonies declared independence from Great Britain and formed their own nation, the United States of America.
With a new government, the people of the new nation became hostile to the Natives. Their government also took some major actions against natives’ interests.
One of the actions was to depart them from their own lands.
Colonists and the new government justified – Because the natives supported the British rule, so they have no right to stay in this new country and claim any convenience.
Via this justification, the United States federal and state governments deported many hundreds of thousands of Native American families from their own compatible lands to some unfavorable areas.
1830’s Indian Removal Act was one of the initiatives to fulfill the purpose.
So these were the two justifications from the European American settlers’ side.
I hope now you have got your answer.