How Did American Settlers Justify Taking Land From Native Americans?
|Answer In Short & Quick:
1. First Justification: European Origin American Settlers Justified Saying That The Natives Were Not Using The Lands In The New World For Their Good, Though They Should Do.
For This Reason, It Is The Europeans’ Divine Right To Take Control Over The Lands And Use Them For Their Own Benefit.
2. Second Justification: Secondly, After The 13 Colonies’ Independence From Great Britain And The Formation of The United States of America, The New Government Became Hostile Towards The Natives.
Because During The Revolutionary War, Most Native Groups Supported & Fought Battles From The British Crown’s Side.
In This Case, They Justified By Saying That The Natives Don’t Deserve To Stay In The New Country.
Even, They Brought Various Policies To Remove Natives From Their Own Lands.
For Example, In 1830, The United States Federal Government Passed The ‘Indian Removal Act’ To Depart Natives From Their Own Compatible Places.
Read The Following To Learn Better…
The time periods are:
1. The beginning period of Europeans’ colonization (1500-1700) in the new world.
2. The second time period begins after the independence of the 13 North American colonies from their mother country Great Britain and the formation of the United States of America (After 1776).
So let’s light on these two time periods and their justification:
1. Beginning Period of Europeans’ Colonization (1500-1700)
In 1492, an Italian-Spanish navigator and explorer named Christopher Columbus discovered the new world by mistake while finding a sea route to Asia.
Commotion struck once the news reached Europe.
From the 15th century, from countries like Great Britain, France, Germany, and Spain, people started migrating to the new world with the hope of better life and also for establishing colonies.
At that time, there was no lack of land to live on the continents (New World).
The Native people who lived there did not have a massive population that could cause problems with living and working.
Either way, they were not using those lands for cultivation because of their primary dependency on hunting.
European immigrants justified – the native people in the new continents were not using those lands properly, nor did they feel its necessity.
Therefore, it was the Europeans’ divine right to take control of the lands and use them for their own benefit.
Even those people believed that God has sent them to the new world so that they could use the lands and natural resources there.
[Interesting Fact: Did You Know? Christopher Columbus Discovered America By Mistake While Finding A Sea Route To Asia. For The First Time When Columbus Encountered Some of The New World’s Aboriginals, He Thought of Them as Indians. Seeing Their Body’s Little Red Color, He Named Them ‘Red Indians’. However, Later, Those People Got Recognized With ‘Native American’ Name]
2. After The Independence of The 13 British North American Colonies (After 1776)
From the middle of the 18th century, American Revolution began against the autocratic rule of Great Britain.
During this period of time, the Native people here supported the Empire of Great Britain against the colonists (or revolutionaries) of the 13 colonies.
Even Natives had taken up arms for fighting against revolutionaries.
But whatever they did, not prove to be good for them.
In the year 1776, the 13 colonies declared independence from Great Britain and formed their new nation, the United States of America.
With a new government, the people of the new nation became hostile to the Natives. Their government also took some major actions against the natives’ interests.
One of the actions was to depart them from their own lands.
Colonists and the new government justified – Because the natives supported the British rule, they have no right to live in this new country and claim any convenience.
Via this justification, the United States federal and state governments deported many hundreds of thousands of Native American families from their own compatible lands to some unfavorable areas.
1830’s Indian Removal Act was one of the initiatives to fulfill the purpose.
So these were the two justifications from the European American settlers’ side.
I hope now you have got your answer.