How Did The Boston Tea Party Lead To The American Revolution?
So, how and why did the Boston tea party lead the whole struggle of the colonists to the great American Revolution?
Do you have any idea about it?
If not then we will answer it here.
Actually, the tea party happened as a resistance to the Tea Act of 1773, passed by the parliament of Great Britain.
Via this act, they were trying to provide direct help to the British East India Company to create a monopoly in the North American colonies’ whole tea market.
Actually, the parliament specifically reduced the taxes on the import of the Company’s tea to the colonies.
For this reason, East India Company became able to sell their product at a very low cost among the colonists.
The act threatened the merchants of the colonies, who were already associated with the tea business.
For them it was unacceptable.
As a response to the injustice, some colonists (rebels or patriots) executed the incident (tea party) on the 16th of December 1773, which made huge economic losses to the company.
Also, the way of resistance was a huge disaster to the authority of Britain.
This incident by the patriots made the British government very angry and hence they decided to take some very tough actions against them.
After that, the following year, the British Parliament subsequently passed some laws to punish the colonists.
Due to the acts’ vengeful character, colonists named them ‘Intolerable Acts’.
Those Intolerable Acts were:
- The Boston Port Act (1774)
- The Massachusetts Government Act (1774)
- The Quebec Act (1774)
- The Administration of Justice Act (1774)
- Quartering Act (1774), etc.
Actions Through The Acts Came Out Something Like This
1. The British government decided to close all the trade through Boston Harbor completely.
And also they declared to continue this close until the colonists pay the compensation to the British East India Company.
Even, the parliament demanded Bostonians to say sorry to the English King George III.
Of course, this was a humiliating demand to the colonists.
2. The British Parliament decided to re-impose the Quartering Act, under which colonists would have to provide shelter to British soldiers in their private homes.
1774’s Quartering Act was the second version of 1765’s Quartering Act.
3. Under the Quebec Act, the land segment of Canada’s Quebec province increased towards America’s midwest.
Through this law, the British government also tried increasing religion-centric distances between Christian Catholics and Protestants.
4. Under the Massachusetts Government Act, the British made their military commander the governor of the Massachusetts province so that strict action could be taken easily against the rebels.
The act arrogated the Massachusetts Charter of 1691.
5. The Administrative of Justice Act was the worst among all the five Intolerable Acts.
Patriots like George Washington also named it as ‘Murder Act’.
Actually, the act encouraged British royal officials to commit crimes in the colonies and run away to the other parts of the British Empire.
Colonists’ Response To The Intolerable Acts
Against all these obstinate decisions of the British parliament, 12 of the 13 colonies got united in 1774 on 5th October at the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia.
This unification was the very first step towards the formation of the United States of America.
In the First Continental Congress, colonies decided that they would end up all the trade with Britain and boycott all their economic goods.
Going one step further, they even decided to set up colonies’ own militias for probable armed conflict.
Although the British were trying to solve this problem, but it was too late by now.
Because the colonists were no longer willing to make any compromises with the British government.
Now if they want something, then it was the only revocation of the 5 Intolerable Acts or full independence.
Eventually, the battles of Lexington and Concord took place on April 19th, 1775.
Finally, after that, the Second Continental Congress happened with all the 13 colonies on May 10, 1775.
Here they took the decision to be ready for more major battles against Great Britain.
And this incident fully kicked off the revolutionary war of America’s independence.
We hope, now you have understood how did the Boston tea party lead to the American Revolution.
Still, have any doubts?
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