How The Colonists Reacted To The Declaratory Act?
So, how did the colonists react to the Declaratory Act?
At first, the colonists were thinking that this new law was the result of their victory over the Stamp Act (1765) and the Sugar Act (1764).
|Answer In Short: Most of the colonists were happy, but at the same time, some colonists were in suspicion that the British Parliament could bring more tax laws in the future.|
Because the British Parliament had to abolish the old laws and that was why they brought the new law as the Declaratory Act.
Most of the colonists believed it was their major victory. Their reaction was like, they made the British Empire oblige to change their decisions.
However, many leaders of the colonies still had doubts in their minds that the British Government could bring many different laws again in the future to impose taxes.
Because through the new act, they also declared that whenever needed in the future, the Parliament will be able to pass any laws to tax on the colonies, without any obstacle.
They ensured that they can use similar power in the 13 colonies, as they do in the other parts of the British Empire.
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Did The Colonists Really Succeed Via The Declaratory Act?
No, colonists never succeded or achieved victory over Britain via this act.
At the same time, we can say their happiness lasted for a very short time.
Because the following year in 1767, the English parliament passed a series of laws, named ‘The Townshend Acts‘.
The series of acts were more vicious for colonists’ interests.
In 1773, they again passed an act called the ‘Tea Act’.
As a result, in the following years, it causes many significant incidents.
Finally, these events lead all the 13 colonies to the revolutionary war against their mother country, Great Britain.
What Was The Purpose of The Declaratory Act?
The main purpose of this law was to show that the authority of the British government over the 13 colonies was the same as it was before.
Through this law, Parliament wanted to say that whenever they need, they will be able to introduce new laws in 13 colonies; because the colonies were the property of the British Empire.
But the question is why they had to pass an act to justify the fact?
The answer is, in the years 1764 and 1765, their Parliament passed two acts, named the Sugar Act (1764) and the Stamp Act (1765).
These two acts were fully against the interests of American colonists.
As a result, they caused heavy protest, violence, and boycott of English economic goods.
The English government was afraid that the incidents would lead them to an economic crisis.
Hence, as a solution to not fall into that situation, they repealed the Sugar Act (replaced with Revenue Act) and the Stamp Act in 1766.
But at the same time, to protect their interest, they also passed the Declaratory Act so that the colonists would not wonder that the British government relinquished its rights from 13 colonies.