Political Causes of The American Revolution
Along with some socio-cultural and economic causes, the American Revolution had some major political causes too.
Although, these socio-cultural, economic, and political causes are interconnected with each other.
Here in this post, we have tried to discuss four main political causes of the American Revolution.
These causes highly pushed the 13 colonies to choose the path of rebellion against the Empire of Great Britain, even though it was their mother country.
So, let’s discuss how these causes pushed the colonies for a rebellion.
1. No American Representative In The British Parliament
The British Empire ruled in the 13 colonies of North America. For local administration, every colony had different legislatures and executives. These legislatures were elected by the colonies’ leaders.
But there was a problem with that system.
The legislatures, which were elected from the colonies, had no actual power.
The Royal Governors controlled their powers. And The Parliament of Great Britain selected the governors.
The Governors had absolute veto power.
Using it, they could have even invalidated any of the decisions of legislatures.
Yet, colonists still had no problem with the British parliament choose their Governors.
But their one main problem was they had no representative on the British Parliament (In London) from the colonies.
They rationalized if the British Parliament makes laws and chooses Governors for us, we must have our own representative there.
Either way, if Britain agrees that we are their immovable part, they should have no problem with it.
But the British Government and Parliament always kept denying their demands.
They never wanted to allow any representative from the colonies. Probably Britain was afraid it would be a threat to their sovereignty.
However, their disagreement didn’t become the immediate political cause of the revolution.
It became a cause when the Parliament started misusing these powers and created some harmful laws against the American colonists’ interests.
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2. The Imposition of Harmful Acts On The Colonists’ Heads
In the point above, you have learned that there were no representatives from the American colonies’ side in the British Parliament.
In that case, most of the time, for the benefit of England, the Britishers could make any laws without any obstacle.
For example: in the years 1651, 1660, 1663, 1764, 1765, 1767, 1773, and, 1774 they passed some laws that were quite detrimental to the socio-economic and political progress of Americans.
Some of those acts were:
- Navigation Act
- Sugar Act
- Stamp Act
- Townshend Acts
- Tea Act
- Intolerable Acts, etc.
These acts made them very unhappy and pushed them to choose the path of the Revolution.
Especially, the 5 Intolerable Acts of 1774 became the immediate cause of the Revolutionary War.
3. Military And Political Support To The Revolution From France, Spain, And Netherlands
During the American Revolution, the Empire of Great Britain and France were hard-headed rivals of each other.
In the years 1756 to 1763, the Seven Years’ War fought where the British Empire got a huge victory over France Empire.
Therefore, after the end of the conflict, they signed the treaty of Paris in 1763.
Through this treaty, the control of the entire French-occupied North America (Canada) went into the hands of Britain.
The defeat was like a major blow for France Empire. It ended their influence on the American continent.
But it didn’t end-all.
France was still hostile to Britain and wanted somehow to take successful revenge for the defeat.
Finally, the time came when American colonists started the rebellion against Great Britain.
Here, France extended their hand of friendship to the colonists.
As a result, the French’s help increased colonists’ morale to make the revolution more vigorous.
Along with France, Spain and the Netherlands also came further to provide military, economic, and other supports to the revolutionists.
4. The Impact of Seven Years’ War (1756-1763)
Due to the political rivalry, Great Britain and France fought the Seven Years’ War from 1756 to 1763.
In this major armed conflict though Great Britain managed to gain victory over France; but, at the same time, it completely broke down the spine of the English economy.
To get rid of this economic problem born due to war, the British parliament decided to pass some acts over the colonies, they had around the world.
Mainly they targeted the 13 colonies of America, rationalizing that they fought the war to protect colonists.
From the year 1763, they started passing so many laws to gain revenue.
But whatever they did was completely unacceptable for colonists.
As a result, it gained dissatisfaction among colonists, and within a few years, this dissatisfaction took the form of revolution.
The great revolution has many other secondary causes.
But I think these four, we have discussed above, are the main causes of the event of American history.
What do you think about it?
Comment below and let us know.