Southern Economy After The Civil War
So how did the Civil War create effects on the economy of the southern states of America?
And how it entirely changed the southern states’ economic lifestyle?
Let’s discuss it.
After The Civil War, The Southern States’ Economy Moved From Agriculture Sector To Industrialization
Before the Civil War took place, most of the southern American states were dependent upon agriculture.
Due to the suitable weather and fertile lands, farming here was quite profitable; especially for producing cotton, tobacco, corn, wheat, peanuts, hay, and oats.
Although, in the industrialization field, they were stand in a far backward position than the northern part.
Because of machinery backwardness, landlords here mostly used slaves for doing works in their agro fields.
But the Civil War created a massive impact on their main traditional economic dependency.
Due to the end of Slavery, the majority of the landlords went bankrupt.
Now it has become necessary to conduct machines for the production system.
Northern states’ capitalists took this opportunity for making money.
They started coming here for investment.
It created rapid growth in their industrialization sector and reduced their dependency on agriculture.
Over time, the south also emerged as an industrial hub of the United States. Such states are Texas, Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, etc.
Use of Laborers In Instead For Slaves
After the end of the civil combat, the US Congress banned slavery from the whole United States.
Now, the old slaves became wage-based laborers.
Because of this reason, the numbers of laborers started growing in the southern states, and against it, slave numbers started decreasing.
These new laborers were now becoming able to live their lives in a much more advanced way with the money they got from wages.
On the other side, due to work in the hope of money, their way of working also started improving a lot.
As a result, the production system had improved very fast.
This was another huge change in the southern economy after the civil war.
Massive Growth In Production
After the Civil War, American capitalists began to invest large amounts of money in the south.
They brought here advanced modern machines in large quantities.
With the flow of time, the use of machines became so much that it entirely changed the production system of the southern states.
Due to the decline of the slavery system, it was no longer profitable to get workers to work with wages.
For this reason, machines started to be used in large quantities in the industry and agriculture sectors.
After this, production in agriculture and industry went ten times greater than before.
As a result, this accelerated the economic growth of the south, as well as the whole USA.
Women Started Participating In Economic Activities
In earlier days, women in southern society didn’t participate too much in economic activities, nor they got chances to do that.
Compare to the northern parts’ women, their lives were quite conservative.
Mostly men took the main role in it.
But after the Civil War; industrialization and urbanization rapidly increased in those states.
Here, new opportunities open up for women to make money doing such jobs as sewing and selling clothes, selling butter, etc.
It expanded women’s participation in economic activities.
Especially, in later years, women’s education helped them to become further self-reliant in the economic field.