What Are The 3 Main Causes of The Civil War?
The main causes of the American Civil War have always been controversial and multidimensional.
It had happened due to several economic, social, and political causes.
But here we have tried to discuss them all within just 3 points.
So, let’s see what are the 3 main causes of the American Civil War.
1. The Conflict Between North And Southern States Over The Issue of Slavery
The northern American states’ economies were based on industrialization. Their economic activities were mostly performed by machinery equipment.
Therefore, in their economic life, the importance of Slaves was quite less.
But, contrary to the northern states, the southern states were not industrialized. Mainly they were dependent upon agriculture.
Hence, they had to use slaves for fulfilling their economic interests. Slavery became a significant part of their day-to-day life.
On the other hand, it was not a new tradition in the South; this had been going on since the time of British rule in the 13 colonies.
But the people of the North started believing it as an evil act.
Especially, some leaders like John Brown, Harrit Tubman, and Frederick Douglass succeeded in convincing a large number of people that Slavery was wrong and against humanity.
Because of this reason, the people of the Southern states’ named them ‘Abolitionists’ and they had always in an ideological conflict.
However, everything was going fine until the mid of the 19th century.
But when the northern states started raising the matter of Slavery to abolish via a constitutional amendment from the whole of the United States of America, they feel it like an attack on their socio-economic life.
And they refused to accept it anyhow.
Finally, as a result, it brought the dark cloud of the Civil war to the country.
2. The Role of President Abraham Lincoln And The Republican Party
In 1860, Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th president of the United States of America.
Mr. Lincoln and his party always opposed Slavery.
They believed, Slavery was against humanity and that would always remain an obstacle to make America a great country.
Here, Abraham Lincoln specifically tried to show the will of the United States’ founding fathers to abolish slavery.
Mainly, through the Declaration of Independence, the founding fathers mentioned – “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal….”.
During the time of the American Revolution, due to some controversial reasons, they did unable to do it; so, Lincoln believed that now is the right time to complete the unfinished work.
President Lincoln’s stand threatened Southern states. They were afraid, he would ban slavery and demolish their socio-economic life.
As a response, for the first time, South Carolina declared independence from the United States.
After that, in 1861, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Louisiana also declared independence.
The same year, they attacked Sumter fort in 1861 on 12th April from South Carolina and began the first phase of the historical Civil War.
[Note: When Lincoln was a teenager, once he said to his friends that if he ever gets a chance in the future, he will eliminate this inhumanity (Slavery) from the American society]
3. The Economic And Political Gap Between North And South
Due to being dependent upon industrialization, the northern states’ economic condition was much better than the southern states.
On the other hand, those states represented 2/3 of the whole of the United States population. Therefore they enjoyed more facilities than the south.
Because of their higher population structure, they enjoyed more economic and political benefits from the central government.
All these incidents had been forcing the southern states to feel discontented and discriminatory for decades.
And therefore, when the central government decided to ban slavery, they got a golden chance to revolt.