What Are The Natural Rights In The Declaration of Independence?
As the main drafter Thomas Jefferson described in the Declaration of Independence, the natural rights are none other but they are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Thomas Jefferson sourced this concept in the historic document from enlightenment period philosophers’ writings.
One of the main thinkers among them was John Locke, who broadly discussed people’s life, liberty, and private property.
[Interesting Fact: Did You Know? The Declaration of Independence’s Famous Line “Life, Liberty, And The Pursuit of Happiness” Was Borrowed From John Locke’s Thinking Over “Life, Liberty, And Property”. While Writing The First Draft, Jefferson Replaced ‘Property’ Term With ‘The Pursuit of Happiness’]
But Why The Declaration of Independence Had To Discuss These Natural Rights?
First of all, according to the document, these rights are humans’ birthright.
Every single human being on the planet of earth, born with them.
These rights keep human beings separate from other living species; without them, there would be no difference exists between humans and animals.
Therefore, these are unalienable, which can’t be taken away from them under any circumstances.
But under the rule of Great Britain, the people of the 13 North American colonies started facing difficulties over enjoying these natural rights.
Using so many unjust rules and regulations, the British government and King tried taking away all these rights of the 13 colonies’ common people.
Hence, finally, after a few events, there was a situation came for the colonists to declare independence from Great Britain via the Declaration of Independence for protecting their natural rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness).
[Interesting Fact: Did You Know? Great Britain Was The Mother Country of The 13 North American Colonies; Even, The Colonists Here Had No Problem With Being A Part of The Country Because They Considered Themselves As British Citizens. But From 1764, When The Parliament of Britain Started Imposing Bad Laws On The 13 Colonies, Their Love And Respect Started Deteriorating Towards Their Mother Country. Finally, After A Few Events It Led To The The Historic American Revolution]
Did The Declaration Succeed In Protecting Colonists’ Natural Rights?
Yes, of course, the document succeeded in protecting colonists’ natural rights.
In the year 1776, July 4th, the 13 British American colonies declared independence from their mother country and gave birth to a completely new nation in the world.
As you can guess, it was the United States of America.
After independence, it became a democratic nation where it was ensured that the common people would be benefited from protecting their natural rights in a much and much better way.
Today we are living in the 21st century; but still, we must say, the United States is the oldest and greatest democracy of all time.
[Interesting Fact: Did You Know? After The Success of The American Revolution, The Influence of This Event Widely Spread In Some Large And Powerful European Countries. These Influences Finally Led Towards The Fall of Monarchies In These Nations. For Example, One of The Greatest Events Was The French Revolution, Which Completely Uprooted King Louis XVI’s Rule From France And Established Democracy For Some Time]