What Are The Natural Rights In The Declaration of Independence?
As the main drafter Thomas Jefferson described in the Declaration of Independence, the natural rights are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Thomas Jefferson sourced this concept of natural rights in the document from enlightenment period philosophers’ philosophies.
One of the main thinkers among them was John Locke, who broadly discussed people’s life, liberty, and private property.
But Why The Declaration of Independence Had To Discuss These Natural Rights?
First of all, according to the declaration, these rights are humans’ birthright.
Each and every single human being on the planet of earth, born with them.
These rights keep human beings separate from other living species; without them, there would be no difference exists between humans and animals.
Therefore, these are inalienable, which can’t be taken away from them under any certain condition.
But under the rule of Great Britain, the people of the 13 American colonies started losing these natural rights.
Using so many unjust rules and regulations, the British government and King tried taking away all these rights of the people.
Hence, the situation came for the colonists to declare independence from Great Britain via the Declaration of Independence for protecting their natural rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness).
Did The Declaration Succeed In Protecting Colonists’ Natural Rights?
Yes, of course, the document succeeded in protecting colonists’ natural rights.
In the year 1776, July 4th the 13 British American colonies declared independence from Great Britain and gave birth to a new nation.
It was the United States of America.
After independence, it became a democratic nation where it was ensured that the common people would be benefited in protecting their natural rights in a much and much better way.
Today we are living in the 21st century; but still, we must say, the United States is the oldest and greatest democracy of all time.