What Happened After The Boston Tea Party?
After the Boston tea party, there were two major effects that came out. And these two effects lead the entire scenario to the American Revolutionary War.
So, the first and immediate response came out from the British side, where they started taking tough legal actions against the American colonists and patriots.
And then, as a response to the British’s legal actions, colonists also went more rebellious and tried to exterminate the British rule from the land of America.
Now, let’s try to dig a little deep that everything gets crystal clear.
|Answer In Short & Quick:
1. After The Boston Tea Party, At First The Parliament of Great Britain Passed Five Punitive Laws (5 Intolerable Acts) To Punish The Colonists of The 13 Colonies. Especially, They Targeted Bostonians.
2. Secondly, As A Response To The Punitive Laws, Colonists Went More Rebellious And Tried To Fully Extriminate The Rule of Great Britain From All The 13 Colonies.
Colonists’ This Intention Came Out During The Meeting of The First Continental Congress (5th September To 26th October, 1774).
3. Finally, These Actions And Re-Actions Lead The Entire Game To The Revolutionary War of Independence.
The British Side Response After The Boston Tea Party
In one simple sentence, the British authority went tougher to impose more dominating policies on the American colonists; especially on Bostonians, Massachusetts.
After the Boston tea party, the British Parliament passed the Coercive Acts or Intolerable Acts in 1774.
The acts included 5 laws, which were fully against the American people’s interests.
Britishers actions through the acts came out something like this:
1. The very first among the five Intolerable Acts was the Boston Port Act (1774).
Under this law, the British Parliament closed all the trades that happened through the Boston harbor.
Their decision was – this port would remain closed until the colonists pay compensation to the East India Company for the loss during tea party.
Either way, parliament demanded colonists to say sorry to the English King George III for that sin.
The decision of the British parliament made the common citizens of Boston quite angry.
They rationalized, not all the people of Boston were involved during that incident.
So, punishing all was a quite unfair decision. They considered it as a big tregedy.
2. Under the Massachusetts Government Act 1774, English parliament fully abrogate the Massachusetts Charter of 1691.
The act tried to take away the rights of the local people in the participation of Massachusetts’ local governance system.
From now, the rule of the colony would be fully controlled by the British authority.
In Massachusetts, almost all important administrative positions would be appointed by the governor, parliament, or king of Great Britain.
Even, the law provided the royally appointed governor so much power that he could dissolve locally elected assembly without any difficulty and at any time.
The British authority’s main purpose through the law was to contain the growing unrest within the land segment of Boston.
British knew, if the unrest would spared to the other parts of the 13 colonies, then it would become difficult for them to calm it down again.
3. The British parliament re-imposed the Quartering Act to all the colonies.
Here colonists now required to provide British troops housing in their own private homes.
The American people were already against this law since the Quartering Act of 1765.
Therefore when they implemented again in 1774; they widely flared up against the British government.
4. Under the Administrative of Justice Act, they encouraged English royally appointed officials to commit crime in the colonies and run away to any other part of the British Empire.
Leaders like George Washington named it ‘Mudering Act’.
5. They also passed another act, named the ‘Quebec Act’.
Through the Quebec Act, they expanded the land area of Canada’s Quebec province towards the Midwest direction of present-day’s United States.
Under this law, the British tried increasing religious distances between Christian Catholics and other communities (mainly protestants).
These decisions of the British Government enraged the American colonists too much, which resulted in something like this:
Americans Response To The British’s Actions
Americans viewed the Intolerable Acts as a foe to their liberty and natural rights.
In response to the British’s actions, the year 1774 from September 5 to October 26; 12 of the 13 colonies (Georgia didn’t participate) united in a meeting in Philadelphia.
In history, the meeting is popular as the ‘First Continental Congress’.
We can say, this meeting was the starting of the birth of the United States of America.
Here they took an important decision to impose an economic boycott on British trade.
And again, they decided that the boycott would remain until they repeal all the cruel acts (Intolerable acts).
But it made no effect on Britain.
Eventually, on April 19, 1775, the battles of Lexington and Concord kicked off the American revolutionary war.
In 1775 on May 10, all the 13 American colonies came together in the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia.
Here they took the decision to prepare for the Revolutionary war and get freedom from the British rule.
All 13 colonies decided that they would set up their own military and would try to get help from foreign countries.
Of course you know which were the foreign countries came further to help them?
Yes, they were France, Spain, and the Netherlands. Especially, France Empire played the main role here.
Finally, as a result, the 13 colonies declared independence on July 4th, 1776.
So, now I hope you have got your answer on what happened after the Boston Tea Party incident.