What Increased Tension Between The Colonists And The British Government In 1774?
It was the 5 Coercive Acts or the Intolerable Acts, which increased the tension between the colonists and the British government in 1774.
But don’t you want to know how it worked to increase tension between these two sides?
From the early of 1774, the Parliament of Great Britain started passing 5 laws to punish the 13 colonies’ colonists for the Boston tea party.
Colonists considered those acts vengeful to them.
Because in the Boston Tea Party not all the people of the 13 colonies involved.
But even after knowing all these, via the new laws, the parliament was planning to punish all the people of the 13 colonies.
And hence, colonists named them ‘Intolerable Acts’ (though, for the Parliament, it was Coercive Acts).
Actions of The British Government Via The Laws Were Something Like This
Boston Port Act
Through the Boston Port Act, the English Parliament intended to close all the trades through the Boston Harbor.
They decided to impose the restriction until colonists pay compensation for the losses during the tea party incident.
Parliament also demanded colonists to ask for forgiveness in front of King George III for that sin.
Massachusetts Government Act
Through this act, parliament significantly changed the way the province was governed before.
The law completely denied the importance of the Massachusetts Charter (1691).
Under this law, the role of local leaders in the state of Massachusetts was reduced from their administrative arrangements.
But at the same time, royally appointed governor and other officials became more and more powerful.
Administration of Justice Act
Administration of Justice Act was also infamous as the ‘Murder Act’.
The act indirectly provided a privilege to English officials to commit crimes in the colonies and run away to any other place of the Empire.
Therefore, patriots like George Washington named it ‘Murder Act’ or ‘Murdering Act’.
Quebec Act intended to provide America’s land area to Canada and increased religious distances between Protestants and Christian Catholics.
Quartering Act of 1774 was the 2nd version of 1765’s Quartering Act.
Through this act, Colonists would have to allow their private homes for staying British Soldiers.
So, these were the main actions of 1774 by the British government, which increased their tension against the colonists.
And we all know what happened after that.