What Was The Committees of Correspondence?
The Committees of Correspondence were like secret shadow organizations.
These committees were created by American patriotic leaders before around a decade of the American Revolution began.
These shadow organizations formed in the 13 colonies of America to maintain uninterrupted communication among themselves.
Its main objective was to keep the leaders and common people of the colonies informed about the decisions taken by the British Government, as well as patriots.
Via those steps, they wanted to help common people to understand and take proper actions against Britain’s unfair or harmful decisions.
The Committees of Correspondence played a very significant role during the era of the American Revolution.
Throughout all the 13 colonies, around 8000 American patriots served in these shadow organizations.
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When Did First The Committees of Correspondence Formed?
For the very first time, the first organization of the Committees of Correspondence formed in Boston in 1764.
The cause was to encourage American colonists to protest against the customs enforcement reformation and the currency act, passed by the British government.
In 1765, when the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, a similar committee formed in New York.
In the year 1773, at the Virginia House of Burgesses, colonies’ leaders agreed that they should create their own committees for intercolonial communication.
Till the time of America’s full independence, these Correspondence Committees kept playing their vital roles against the British Empire.
Committee’s Role In The First Continental Congress
You should know that the committees were the first institution among the 13 colonies to make uninterrupted communication between themselves.
In 1773, the Virginia House of Burgesses decided to create a committee to keep inter-colonial correspondence among the all 13 colonies.
In 1774, when 12 of the 13 colonies united in the First Continental Congress, it played an important role.
Because the Congress formed secretly without knowing by the British authorities.
And on the way of keeping this secrecy, these inter-colonial organizations took their full responsibility.
But Who First Started These Committees?
Revolutionary leader Samuel Adams first started the formation of these Correspondence committees in Boston, Massachusetts province.
Some around 20 other patriots from rural areas co-operated him in executing the job.
Why The Committees of Correspondence Were Successful Organizations?
The first thing is that if patriots didn’t form all these committees, then perhaps the American Revolution could never succeed.
Because these committees were the main threads that spread the news from one place to another very fast during the revolution’s time.
These committees encouraged colonists to reduce the use of British goods and get self-dependent.
For example, In 1774, at the First Continental Congress, when in response to the 5 Intolerable Acts, colonists’ delegates decided to impose an economic boycott over English goods, then these Correspondence Committees spared the news throughout all over the 13 colonies.
As a result, colonists accepted the decision of the Congress and contributed from their side to make the boycott successful.
Committees also looked after the merchants who delayed in boycotting their trade with Britain.
There are many other uncountable examples that exist like this, where if these committees did not work, it might not have been possible.