What Was The Declaratory Act 1766?
The Declaratory act of 1766, an act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain to declare their rights over the 13 colonies.
The act got royal assent on March 18th.
This act is also popular as the American Colonies Act of 1766.
But what was the main cause of the British Parliament passing the Declaratory Act?
Let’s try to find it out.
|Answer In Short & Quick: This law was brought after the repeal of the Sugar Act of 1764 and the Stamp Act of 1765.
Simply, the main objective of this act was to show the supreme political claim of British rule in 13 colonies.
Through the Declaration Act, the Parliament had announced that whenever they need, they will again be able to introduce new laws on 13 colonies.
Actually in the years 1764 and 1765, the British Parliament passed two controversial acts.
These acts supposed to increase taxes unfairly on the American colonists’ heads.
Those were the Stamp act (1765) and the Sugar act (1764).
In opposition to these two bad laws, the colonists made widespread protests, violence, and boycotts against British goods.
Due to this reason, the Empire started facing heavy economic and administrative threats.
In 1766, the British Parliament had to repeal the Stamp Act and Sugar Act for solving these issues.
But to keep their convenience safe for the future, they also passed a new act along with it, which was none other but the Declaratory act.
According to the new law, the British Parliament declared to the colonists that their authority over the American colonies would be the same as before.
So, whenever needed in the future, the British Parliament will be able to pass any laws to tax on the colonies, without any obstacle.
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How Did The Colonists React To The Declaratory Act?
The same day on 18th March 1766, when Parliament passed the Declaratory Act, also repealed the Stamp Act and replaced the Sugar Act with the new Revenue Act of 1766 (the Revenue Act reduced their taxes).
So, the colonists were quite happy and celebrating their political victory over the British authority.
But at the same time, many among them were still in suspicion and realized that the parliament could bring some more acts again, as they gave hints through the new Declaratory Act.
How Did The Declaratory Act Lead To The American Revolution?
Through the Declaratory Act, the British Parliament was keeping a path for itself so that they could introduce more new laws in the future.
Not too long, as they wanted, they did it just after a year.
In 1767, they brought the Townshend Acts, in 1773 they brought Tea Act, in 1774 they brought Coercive Acts.
All those laws were fully contrary to the interests of the American colonists.
Finally, via some incidents, colonists’ dissatisfaction and anger lead them to choose the path of revolution.