What Was England’s Strategy In The First Part of The American Revolution?
So, what was England’s strategy in the first part of the American Revolution?
First, the British authority thought that the revolution was a local rebellion by the Bostonians, Massachusetts province.
We can see this part from the ending of 1774 to the mid of 1775.
In this part, Great Britain thought that they would be able to contain the rebellion within Boston and prevent it from spreading to the other colonies of America.
But as they hoped, it didn’t happen.
Contrary, the battles of Lexington and Concord on 19th April 1775 and the Battle of Bunker Hill on 17th June 1775 proved their assumption wrong.
During these two starting battles, the British army had to face a huge amount of casualties, which was far more than the colonists’ side.
Now, they able to realized that the rebellion already spared all over the 13 colonies.
And if they would not calm it soon, it would become much bigger and out of control.
Therefore, in the 2nd part, Britain started taking much tougher actions against the revolutionaries.
Why The British Authority Was Not Taking Tough Actions In The First Part?
From the 17 to 18th century, England was a very clever country in colonial rule.
In the first phase, there were many reasons why they did not take drastic steps.
Among them, the main reasons were:
1. The British afraid of the interference of external powers. Especially its enemies. Such as French, Spain, etc.
2. The 13 colonies were spared in a large landmass of North America.
British knew very well that fighting a battle and controlling rebellion in the vast landmass would become impossible for them.
So, they didn’t want to take any risks.
3. Great Britain’s geographical distance was another cause, why they didn’t take tough actions in the first part.
Due to the long geographical distance, it was almost impossible to provide immediate support for the British soldiers.
So, to avoid war was a much better option for them.
4. They thought, tough actions from the authority would lead the revolution into much critical condition or out of control.