What Was The Impact of European Colonization On Native American Societies?
In a broader perspective European colonization has thousands of impacts on Native American societies, but if we contain them within a few points then we can discuss their major impacts like this:
- Impact on Native Americans’ demography (Reduced and got mixed)
- The imposition of slavery (Beginning of atrocities)
- Spared of lethal diseases
- Impact on culture
- Impact on political authority
European Colonization Impact on Native Americans’ Demography
First of all, due to the arrival of the European colonists, massive changes started to be seen in the demography of the Native Americans.
It had three primary reasons:
- Execution of mass massacres on the Native Americans by the European colonists.
- Natives’ death in millions, in case of microbes spreading by the colonists.
- European colonists and Natives were from two different human races. It created racial diversity in their societies.
Due to the massacres of millions and deaths from diseases, their population on this continent greatly reduced.
Studies show that more than 8 million natives lost their lives for these reasons.
On the other hand, European colonists and Native Americans belonged to two different human races.
Mainly European people belonged to the Caucasian race (white people) and Natives were quite closer to the Mongolian race.
The Imposition of Slavery (Beginning of Atrocities)
The native people who lived here before the arrival of the colonists enjoyed a very peaceful life.
It was true that they had some minor inter-tribe clashes; but they never had to face such brutality ever before, which started facing once the Europeans arrived.
First of all, the colonialists imposed slavery on the natives. They began capturing locals for the slave trade in Europe.
Even, some brutal tyrants like Christopher Columbus never relieved little kids.
Columbus captured little native girls of 8 to 10 years old with the purpose of sexual slavery.
It’s just an example; there is no account of how many such atrocities have been inflicted on them.
The most tragic events were those when these people chose the path of mass suicide to get rid of the outrages of Europeans.
Spared of Lethal Diseases Among Native Americans
In history, residents of European origin are infamous for the fact that they spread dangerous diseases all over the world.
We can feel this truth through their arrival to the new continent.
Do you know what colonists spared such dangerous microbes among the people, whose immunity was not ready to fight against those threats?
Yes, those diseases were completely unknown and immediate to natives’ health. As a result, it caused the deaths of millions of Native Americans.
Such microbes were:
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Bubonic Plague
- Scarlet Fever
- Malaria, etc.
Impact On Culture
European colonization also created an impact on the cultural side of America.
Of course, it was very normal to happen because on one side where the people of Europe were very smart, similarly, on the other hand, the number of natives reduced in the continent significantly.
Therefore, the immigrants’ impact on natives’ culture was quite normal.
For example, Colonists tried spreading Christianism in the new world (And they succeeded too).
Impact On Political Authority
Earlier when locals dominated the American continent, the political authority was divided between various small local groups.
Each of these groups had its one main leader and they controlled the administration of their groups.
It was a simple system.
But the arrival of European colonists entirely changed this political system.
After their arrival, political authority became centralized and transferred to the hands of various countries in Europe.
Those nations were mainly Great Britain, France, Spain, etc.