What Were The Main Reasons The Colonists Wanted To Break Free From Britain?
Throughout this answer we will discuss 3 main reasons why did the colonists want independence from Great Britain; even after, it was their mother nation.
So, here is the overview of those three reasons:
- Great Britain always considered the 13 colonies as only a source of wealth and money; but not an actual part of their country.
- British government and king never considered colonists as their own citizens and hence, they never provided them all those rights and privileges of English citizens.
- At different times, the English parliament had been imposing such laws on colonists’ heads, which were completely against their interests.
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Britain Saw The Thirteen Colonies As Only A Source of Wealth And Money
We all know that Great Britain was an expansionist power from the early of modern history.
They found importance on those 13 colonies because it was full with various natural resources.
Along with being filled with gold, silver, diamond, pearls; this place was very compatible for producing different agricultural crops.
The British government and the king always believed that as much as possible, they need to take wealth from these 13 colonies to Britain and enrich it.
They knew that their struggle with other enemy countries of Europe (Especially the French, Spain) would always continue in order to establish their dominance in these places.
That’s why they thought that as much property as possible could be taken away from there.
Focusing on these pieces of stuff, Britain almost forgot to focus on the 13 colonies’ development, which later caused unhappiness among colonists.
British Government And King Never Considered Colonists As Their Own Citizens
This was the second among the three main reasons, for what the colonists wanted to break free from Britain.
The British government and the king never saw the colonists as their own English citizens.
For the government, they were like working laborers who just worked in the 13 colonies for gathering wealth and money for Britain.
For example, far before the revolution begins, colonists had been requesting England to create a law to provide colonists own representatives in London’s parliament.
But Britain had always been denying it.
The main reason for this was that they never wanted any outsider to come and participate in their governance system.
Now, you tell me, if they really considered them as their own citizens, did they do it?
Of course not!
This was just an example; there are so many other examples like this, which proved the British government and king never considered colonists as their own citizens.
The violation of the ‘Bill of rights’ by the British parliament is another significant example of it.
The Imposition of Such Cruel Laws On Colonists’ Heads
This was the third main and immediate reason why did the colonists want independence from Great Britain.
From the middle of the 17th century, the British Parliament began to apply certain laws on the colonists, which were completely contrary to their interests.
However, at that time the British government was not so strict as to implement these; nor they felt its necessity so much.
Therefore, colonists still yet not fired up. One of those acts was the Navigation Act of 1651.
But in the middle of the 18th century, a phenomenon happened, which was the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763), fought between the Empire of Great Britain and the Empire of French.
Here Britain got a massive victory over the French.
But the losses lead the Empire to a heavy economic crisis.
So, to get rid out of this crisis, now they had tightened their old laws and brought new laws to generate more revenue.
Some of the laws were:
- Sugar Act (1764)
- Stamp Act (1765)
- Townshend Act (1767)
- Tea Act (1773)
These taxing laws were like heavy blows on colonists’ economic life.
As a result, these made them very angry, and step by step they obliged to think somehow to break free from Britain.