Which Best Describes The Main Action Called For By The Declaration of Independence?
In a broader perspective, there are three core points that we have found which best describes the main action called for by the Declaration of Independence.
|But In Short & Direct Answer, They Are:
A. Declaration of All The 13 British American Colonies’ Independence From The Autocratic Rule of Great Britain.
B. Justification of Why The Colonists of The 13 North American Colonies Deserve Independence From The Rule of The British Government And King George III, Even After The Kingdom Was Their Mother Country.
C. Again The Justification, Why The Revolutionary War of Independence Is Rational.
D. The Explanation of Colonists’ Natural Rights (Life, Liberty, And The Pursuit of Happiness) And The Ways To Protect Them From The Attack of English Rule.
E. The Explanation of Colonists’ Interests And Movements Towards The Formation of A Newly Independent Nation With A New Democratic Government.
All these actions were performed by the side of the 13 American colonies’ colonists.
And these actions clearly expressed their movement towards full Independence.
But what were they?
Let’s see, what they were one by one:
- Declaration of The 13 Independent Sovereign States From Their Mother Country, Great Britain.
- Explanation, Why They Had To Declare War On Britain?
- Protection of Colonists’ Natural Rights And The Actual Birth of Democracy.
Now, let’s try to discuss each one of them in-depth.
1. Declaration of The 13 Independent Sovereign States From Their Mother Country, Great Britain
Through the Declaration of Independence, 13 North American colonies declared independence from the rule of Great Britain.
This Declaration meant that they would no longer be a part of the British Empire.
From now, they would form their own government, which would work only for Americans’ interests, but not for England.
Via these steps, 13 colonies collectively moved one step further towards the formation of the great United States of America.
On July 4th, 1776, all the 13 American colonies’ representatives gave their consent to the declaration for their full independence.
Those 13 colonies were:
- Rhode Island
- New York
- New Hampshire
- Massachusetts Bay
- South Carolina
- New Jersey
- North Carolina
This was the first and one of the most significant events for the Declaration.
Because through this decision, colonists directly send a message to Britain that from now onwards, they are not a part of their Empire but completely an independent country.
This is the reason, why each year the USA celebrates 4th July day as its independence day.
2. Explanation, Why They Had To Declare War On Britain?
Via the Declaration of Independence, they also explained why they were fighting the war against Great Britain, even though it was their mother country.
They blamed the British authority and King George III that they had created such critical conditions for the colonists, which is against humanity.
Therefore they found no other way to get rid out of the crisis except fighting the revolutionary war against them and achieving freedom.
Here they again explained that they tried till the end to avoid the war situation against the British Empire.
Such as: Through the Olive Branch Petition they sent a proposal to the British King George III and Parliament to come to a negotiation and repeal the 5 controversial and vengeful Intolerable Acts.
But the Parliament and the King did not pay much attention to their requests. Contrary, the King declared colonists traitors.
Hence, the war remained the very last and only way to them.
Even, patriots like Thomas Paine justified that the war against the British autocracy means, the war with the support of God.
3. Protection of Colonists’ Natural Rights Via Forming The United States of America And Actual Birth of Democracy
I think this is the most significant part which best describes the main action called for by the Declaration of Independence.
The Declaration explained humans beings’ Natural Rights, which can’t be ignored or taken away from them in any certain condition.
As per the document, those rights were including Life, Liberty, Equality, and the pursuit of Happiness.
Every single human being on the planet of earth, born with them.
These rights keep humans separate from other living species; without them, no human can live like a human.
So, these are unalienable and undestructive under all circumstances.
Under British rule, the American colonists believed that the British authority was violating these natural rights for their own interests.
They mentioned in the declaration that human constitutes governments to protect these natural rights.
But whenever any form of government or authority becomes destructive of these ends, then it becomes the right of the people to abolish that government and throw them out of power.
From this point of view, they rationalized that throwing the British authority from the 13 colonies is completely legit.
After America’s independence, these natural rights became the main source of the United States Constitution.
And also, these ideologies rapidly worked behind the growth of Democracy and the Democratic government throughout the whole world.
Still, in the 21st century, these ideologies are very very powerful in the United States.
For this reason, the USA is also called the protector of Democracy, no only in their own land but also for the entire world.
What Is The Importance of The First And Second Continental Congress Here?
The formation of the First and Second Continental Congress was the very first collective action from the 13 colonies’ side against the unjust decisions of the British Parliament.
Through these meetings, they moved step by step towards the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
Here is how…
The First Continental Congress was organized in 1774 from September 5th to October 26th.
In this meeting 12 of the 13 British American colonies (except Georgia) united in Philadelphia.
Here, they took a significant decision to impose an economic boycott against English goods, until the authority repeals the five Intolerable Acts.
But, as they wished, all these economic sanctions made no effect on the British Crown; contrariwise, the battles of Lexington and Concord happened on 19th April 1775.
For this reason, they had to unite again in the Second Continental Congress.
This time, all the 13 colonies came for participation. This was organized from May 10, 1775.
Many historians also consider the Second Continental Congress as America’s first government.
Some important decisions were taken in this Congress; For example:
- The policy of war against Britain
- The writing of the Declaration of Independence
- Appointing diplomats for seeking foreign powers’ help intervene in the Revolutionary War
- Creating a de facto national government to run everything smoothly during the revolutionary war, etc.
Hence, I think that the formation of the First and Second Continental Congress was the most significant phenomenon, towards the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
Did The Main Actions Take By The Colonists Succeed?
Yes of course dear, they succeeded and that’s why the 13 colonies became independent and able to establish a new nation, the United States of America.
Even, this was not the end at all.
Seeing the revolutions’ success in America, some revolutions also took place in other countries of Europe.
For example, the France revolution was one of the most significant events, which ended King Louis XVI’s rule.
Why The United States Declaration of Independence Is A Great Document?
It is not a great document only because it declared the 13 colonies’ independence, but it is a great document because built over human dignity and natural rights.
This document successfully established the truth that the people of a nation are the actual source of power, but not the government or King.