Which Best Describes The Structure of The Declaration of Independence?
It is the Preamble Section of the Declaration of Independence that best describes its complete structure.
Here is how –
The leaders of the 13 American colonies created the Declaration of Independence with the purpose to declare the 13 North American colonies’ independence from the rule of Great Britain.
Here they included everything, such as:
- The causes why they had to declare independence from Great Britain, even though it was their mother country.
- Which causes pushed them to fight the Revolutionary War against the British Crown?
- How did the British Parliament and King George III turn their lives into hell via hostile policies?
- And finally, why their struggle toward full political independence is rational? etc.
We can see the document’s whole intention in its preamble section.
If you are getting tough understanding it, then you can read this below to understand better.
The Preamble Section Describes Its Complete Structure Like This:
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.
– That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,–That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience hath shown, that mankind is more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.”
Main Theme of The Preamble Section of The Declaration of Independence
1. Every human being on the planet of the earth has been born with some unalienable rights.
These rights are god’s gifts to the human race, which keeps them separate from other living species.
Nobody, not even any form of government or authority of a nation, can take away these rights from them under any circumstances.
2. These rights are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.
3. For the protection of these great ends from the attack of tyrants, humans have formed their own authorities since the time, they lived in the state of nature.
4. With the change of time, these authorities become kings and governments, etc.
5. It all means that the people of a country are the real source of its power, but not the king or government.
6. Hence, it is the government’s or their ruler’s duty to protect people’s rights and not to avoid them in any condition.
7. But sometimes governments or rulers become tyrants and start destructing these ends. Such as the British authority started doing with the American colonists.
8. Whenever any form of government starts doing this kind of thing, it becomes people’s right to abolish that government or ruler and make them throw out of power.
9. After doing that, people should form their new government and choose new rulers, where they would get a better chance for protecting their rights to Life, Liberty, and Happiness.
Present-day, if you study the United States constitution well, then there you will get to see a good introduction to the defense of these unalienable rights.
How Was The Empire of Great Britain Violating American Colonists’ Rights?
The Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) almost ruined the British economy.
To restore their economic condition, the English Parliament started imposing some taxation acts on the 13 colonies in 1764.
Those acts were including Sugar Act (1764), Stamp Act (1765), Townshend Acts (1767), and more.
All these acts were completely against the interests of the 13 colonies’ common people.
They especially felt alienated when the authority forcefully tried to impose the laws.
Colonists blamed the English authority that they were trying to violate their rights of living like mainland English citizens.
Finally, after some major events such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, and the First and Second Continental Congress, the feeling of alienation led them toward the Revolutionary War of independence.
I hope now you have understood how the preamble section describes its complete structure.
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