Which of The Following Events Directly Led To The Writing of The Declaration of Independence?
There were so many major events that happened in America from the mid of 18th century, which provoked American colonists to do rebellion against the British Empire.
And finally, these events directly led them to the great American Revolution and the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
So, what are the main events?
They are mainly:
- Seven Years War (1756-1763)
- Stamp Act (1765)
- Townshend Acts (1767)
- Boston Massacre (1770)
- Tea Act (1773)
- Boston Tea Party (1773)
- Intolerable Acts (1774)
- Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775)
- Rejection of the Olive Branch Petition (1775)
I understand that you are getting fascinated to know how they influenced the whole phenomenon.
Therefore, let’s try to understand each one of them briefly.
The Seven Years War
The Seven Years War happened from the year 1756 to 1763.
This war was a global conflict between the two great European powers.
Obviously, on one side it was the Empire of France and on the other side the Empire of Great Britain.
In this war, Great Britain managed to defeat France somehow; but at the same time, it ruined the economy of Britishers completely.
Therefore, to rebuild the economy, Great Britain started imposing some heavy economic taxes on their colonies.
Such as on the 13 American Colonies.
And the acts, through which they tried to implement heavy taxation were the Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, etc.
The Stamp Act of 1765
In the year 1765, the Parliament of Great Britain passed an act called the Stamp Act or the Stamp Duty for imposing direct taxes on the heads of the 13 Colonies.
Via this law, they taxed on every printed commodity including newspapers, magazines, all legal documents, playing cards, etc.
Colonists’ considered this new law as unjust to them from the British Parliament.
Therefore, they started protesting broadly against it.
Even, during those days, protestors started attacking government officials, duty collectors, etc.
As a result, on 18 March 1766 the Parliament of Britain obliged to repeal it.
The Townshend Acts of 1767
Though British authority repealed the Stamp Act of 1765 for colonists’ pressure; but as a substitute to the Stamp Act, they brought a series of other new acts, called Townshend Acts.
The acts included in a total of 5 new laws. They were:
- The New York Restraining Act
- The Revenue Act
- The Indemnity Act
- The Commissioners of Customs Act
- The Vice-Admiralty Court, etc.
Although only the name was different; but the action via Townshend Acts was almost the same. Even, it was tougher than the previous Stamp Act.
As in response, it also caused huge protests from the colonists’ side.
Till 1770, this protest started taking a violent form, leading to the infamous Boston massacre incident.
After this incident, the British Parliament obliged to repeal this law on 12th April 1770.
Boston Massacre of 1770
In the year 1770 at Boston, in the Province of Massachusetts, colonists’ were doing protest for repealing the Townshend Acts, when a massacre took place by some British soldiers.
However, not too many people died from the protestors but the incident was publicized broadly around all over the 13 colonies.
Famous patriots like Paul Revere, Samuel Adams started using the incident as propaganda against the British crown.
Paul Revere drawn a famous painting after the incident, where he showed Britishers brutality over innocent Americans.
The happening broadly influenced and changed the mindset of colonists’ towards the British ruling.
Now, most of the colonists started thinking that Britain doesn’t consider them as British citizens.
They now need to think about getting freedom.
The Tea Act of 1773
Boston’s assassination incident forced the British parliament to repeal Townshend laws in 1770.
But again, they brought a new law called the Tea Act in 1773.
Via this act, they tried to monopolize America’s whole tea market alone.
As a result, it led to the Boston Tea Party in 1773 December 16th.
Some patriots from ‘Sons of Liberty’ organization, led by Samuel Adams made this incident possible.
The tea party incident caused huge economic losses for the British East India Company.
Hence, to punish colonists’ for the sin, parliament again brought some vengeful laws, which colonists’ named ‘Intolerable Acts’.
The Intolerable Acts of 1774
From the very early of 1774, the British Parliament started passing some laws as a punishment for the Boston Tea Party incident.
This was a series of 5 laws, which was completely against the interest of colonists.
Especially, the laws were deeply vengeful for Bostonians.
American colonists’ named them Intolerable Acts; because those laws tried taking away all their rights to being British citizens.
In response to the colonists’ side, 12 of the 13 British American colonies got united in a meeting in Philadelphia at the end of 1774 (September 5 to October 26).
The meeting is popular known as the First Continental Congress.
Here they took the decision that they would impose an economic boycott against British goods until they repeal all the 5 Intolerable Acts.
The conflict between British authority and colonists took a new height from this decision, which finally led to the battle of Lexington and Concord on April month’s 19th, 1775.
This was the very first battle of the American Revolutionary War.
Again from 1775’s May, colonies’ delegates got united in the Second Continental Congress.
Though they tried to avoid the probable war with their mother country Britain via Olive Branch Petition; but it made no effect.
You may be thinking what was the Olive Branch Petition?
It was actually the very last attempt from the American colonist’s side, through which they proposed the British King George to come to a negotiation with them and avoid the war.
However, King George rejected their proposal, as he already declared them traitors.
As a result, they decided to fight the revolutionary war with full dedication and write the Declaration of Independence.
They signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, which they themselves (13 colonies) declared independent states from the rule of Great Britain.
So these were the following events, which directly led to the colonists writing of the declaration of independence.
I hope the article has helped you a bit.
By the way, how it remained to you?
Let me know.