Which Quotation From The Preamble To The Declaration of Independence Refers To Natural Rights?
The quotation from the preamble section of the Declaration of Independence was none other but it was – “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness…”.
This is the quotation that best refers to human beings’ Natural Rights.
But do you have any idea what is the actual importance of this quotation?
In simple words, to make the United States of America a successful democracy in the world, this quotation has a deep influence.
Because after 13 colonies’ independence from Great Britain, they designed their constitution depending upon these moral values.
[Interesting Fact: Did You Know? In The Declaration of Independence, “The Life, Liberty And The Pursuit of Happiness” Concept Was Borrowed From John Locke’s Philosophy On Natural Rights. John Locke Discussed Over “Life, Liberty, And Property”. While Drafting The Declaration, Thomas Jefferson Replaced Locke’s ‘Property’ Term With ‘The Pursuit of Happiness’]
What Is The Connection Between “Life, Liberty And The Pursuit of Happiness” With Democracy?
Many thousands of years before, when we human beings lived in the state of nature without governments, without any king, or any authority; physically strong people used to dominate physically weak people and implement many outrages for their own benefit.
Weak people have no security over their life, property, freedom, equality, etc issues.
But whatever, we human beings are very smart creatures. We always found a way, when there seemed to be no way.
The same thing happened in the state of nature.
To get rid out of the strong tyrants’ tyrannies, we human beings came to a social contract.
We people decided that we would form our own authority to protect our life, liberty, and all other stuff that associated with our happiness.
At this point in time, we people formed our own authority and stored all our power into that one single authority’s hand.
This one move ended the dominance of the tyrants; also with the flow of time, it gave birth to government and kings.
Now, the question is what do these pieces of stuff actually prove?
Here are a few points:
- In a state or country, its people are the real source of its power.
- People dedicate their power to the hands of the government and kings.
- Governments and kings only have the job to protect their people’s life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
- Most importantly, people have the power to dissolve their own government and throw them out of power.
Approaching this whole evolution, we found that Democracy develops there where these natural rights are protected in a better way.
And again what is ‘Democracy’?
As the United States 16th president Abraham Lincoln defined, it is the rule “of the people, by the people, for the people”.
Why Did The 13 Colonies Need To Write About Their Natural Rights?
For the 13 North American Colonies, it became necessary to write about their natural rights via the Declaration of Independence because, under the rule of Great Britain, they started facing many difficulties enjoying their natural rights.
At different times, the British Parliament created critical conditions for the colonists by imposing unnecessary taxation laws on their heads.