Who Discovered South America?
As per the history of America, Christopher Columbus, an Italian-Spanish explorer, and navigator considered the first person who discovered South America.
When he reached here, he landed on a piece of land, called the Paria Peninsula. Present-day, this land is Venezuela.
But first, did he knew that the piece of land, he discovered was the continent of South America?
Of course, in one word ‘No’.
Christopher Columbus did not know that the piece of the land he discovered was South America.
First, he thought it India.
But later, Amerigo Vespucci, who was also an explorer navigator and a merchant made people understood that it was not India; but other else.
Later, the whole land area, including north and south given ‘Amerigo Vespucci’s’ name by ‘America’.
In general, the whole of America’s actual history began with the discovery of Christopher Columbus.
But How Christopher Columbus Discovered South America?
Strange to hear but Columbus made this big discovery by mistake.
Yes, by mistake.
The story begins in the 1492 century when this navigator was searching for a seaway from Europe to India.
He thought the earth is round and if he journeys through the western direction, he would be able to reach India.
Traveling through, he reached some Sea Islands near today’s South America. Columbus thought that he reached very near India.
There, he saw and met some aboriginals. Those natives looked like little red-colored.
And therefore he named them ‘Red Indians’.
After arrived back in Europe, he declared that he discovered India. But still, the real truth not revealed yet.
All mystery revealed after Amerigo Vespucci traveled the piece of land.
Why Europeans Were Searching A Seaway To India?
This was all about trade and creating new colonies.
From the beginning of the 15th century, the demands for cotton, silk, and spices highly increased in Europe.
India and other Asian countries were the hubs of all these raw materials. On the other hand, the price was also very cheap there.
Either way, the rise of the Islamic Empire in the middle east caused problems in trade through lands. Because they charged heavy taxes.
Therefore, Europeans always were finding a seaway to trade with India and other Asian countries.
This was the same reason, why Christopher Columbus was in search of a seaway to India.
Who Helped Columbus In The Discovery of America?
For the expedition, first Columbus asked for help from Portuguese rulers. However, they disobeyed his request.
Therefore Columbus went to Spain to request King Ferdinand and Queen Isabela.
They promised Columbus that they would help him in that expedition.
A Short Introduction of Christopher Columbus
In the year 1451 on 31st October Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Republic of Genoa.
His father’s name was Domenico Colombo and his mother’s name was Susanna Fontanarossa.
Along with Christopher, they had 4 more children.
From the very early of his childhood, he always felt fascination towards oceans and that was why he started his sea journey from an early age.
However, in the starting days he worked as an employee of an other navigator.
While working for the navigator, once they were attacked by a group of pirates.
The attack was so dangerous that many people lost their lives; although,Coloumbus saved his life somehow.
After this horrifying incident, next he decided that he would do his own journey in future and with this purpose he started studying (He was self-educated) Geomitry, Navigaton, Geography, Astronomy, and History.
In 1479, Columbus married a Portuguese noblewoman Filipa Moniz Perestrelo.
After marriage, they birth two children. Their names were Diego Columbus and Ferdinand Columbus.
In the year 1506 on 20th May, he died at Valladolid, Castile.
Columbus As A Tyrant – Who Discovered South America?
People, especially European settlers of the whole American continents remember Columbus for his great discovery.
But do you know what he was not a good man.
This is not our saying, but historical events prove it.
Actually, when Columbus went to the new world, he found many of its aboriginals.
Those aboriginals lived a very simple and peaceful life in the continent.
But Columbus and other Europeans started destroying the peaceful lives of those people.
Just a few examples of Columbus’ tyrannies on natives:
- He captured many of the natives and took them to Europe for selling as slaves.
- Throughout the journey of the Atlantic, for some reasons, he ordered his men to throw many native people on the ocean.
- He captured native women and little girls of 8 to 10 years old for sexual slavery.
- Once, Columbus even cut off one of the native person’ tongue for just stealing some sugar and wheat.
- Once he caught a local woman and handed her to one of his friend for rape.
- Under his leadership, his men executed killings of many natives.