Who Fought In The Civil War? :(Super Fast Answer)


Who Fought In The Civil War of The USA?

BEST Short Answer:

The Civil War was fought between the Union (Northern states of the US) and the Confederate States (Formed by the Southern States).

The Union was led by the 16th United States President Abraham Lincoln and the Confederate was led by Jefferson Davis.

Over the issue of slavery, the Southern States declared independence from the country by seceding from the Union.  

However, at the end of the Civil War, the Union gained victory over the Confederate States. After that, they were restored to the Union of the United States once again.

Read in-depth below and watch this amazing reference video. 

The American Civil War was one of the most significant events in its history.

The war was so brutal & intense that it was about to destroy the unity of the United States.

This was the conflict, where the highest number of American militants and civilians lost their lives.

So, the question is who fought in the American Civil War?

Let’s make a discussion about it.

american civil war
Credit: Wikimedia.org

Who Fought The War?

This war was fought between the Northern states and the Southern states of the United States of America.

It was a 4 years 3 weeks and 6 days-long war, where Northern states achieved victory over the Southern states.

The victory saved the solidarity of the country.

This was the war where 620,000 (not accurate) American militants lost their lives.

The number is far higher than American troops’ death in any other war combined in World War I and World War II.

This Civil War gave the nation a great leader, Abraham Lincoln.

Of course, we know that Lincoln is considered to be the greatest and most respected President of the country of all time.

Now, let’s see which those states are.

Who Fought In The Civil War

Which Are The Northern States And Southern States?

The Northern States

  • New York
  • Maine
  • New Hampshire
  • Indiana
  • New Jersey
  • Lowa
  • California
  • Nevada
  • Oregon
  • Vermont
  • Pennsylvania
  • Ohio
  • Massachusetts
  • Minnesota
  • Connecticut
  • Rhode Island
  • Illinois
  • Kansas
  • Michigan
  • Wisconsin

The Southern States

  • Virginia
  • Arkansas
  • Louisiana
  • Tennessee
  • Alabama
  • Texas
  • North Carolina
  • Mississippi
  • Georgia
  • South Carolina
  • Florida

I hope, now you have got your answer.

american civil war
Original Image: Pixabay.com

Who Were The Leaders of The Great Civil War?

The leaders of the Union

  • Abraham Lincoln (the President and the Commander-in-Chief)
  • Andrew Johnson (Commander-in-Chief)
  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • Simon Cameron (Secretary of war)
  • Edwin Stanton (Secretary of war)
  • Gideon Welles (Secretary of navy)
  • Henry Halleck
  • George McClellan
  • Winfield Scott

The leaders of the Confederate States

  • Jefferson Davis (the President and the Commander-in-Chief of the Confederate states )
  • Alexander H. Stephens (Vice-President)
  • Robert Edward Lee
  • John Cabell Breckinridge (Secretary of war)
  • George Wythe Randolph (Secretary of war)
  • Leroy Pope Walker (Secretary of war)
  • Judah Phillip Benjamin (Secretary of war)
  • Stephen Mallory (Secretary of navy)


Military Strength And Casualties From Both Sides

The military strength from the Union’s side was 2,200,000 (including blacks and whites) and from the Confederate States’ side, it was around 750,000 to 1,000,000.

This is the main reason why it became the most devastating war in the history of the United States of America.

From the Union’s side:

  • 110,000 militants died during face-to-face combat.
  • More than 230,000 military personnel died due to various diseases and accidents.
  • Around 30,000 died in the prisons of the Confederate states.
  • More than 282,000 got heavily wounded.
  • At the end of the war, the total number of deaths was 365,000 (+) and the total casualties were around 830,000.


From the Confederate States’ side:

  • More than 94,000 militants died during face-to-face combat.
  • More than 30,000 died in the prisons of the Union.
  • 137,000 militants got heavily wounded.
  • At the end of the war, 290,000 died and all casualties were  864,000 (+).

In this conflict, 50,000 American civilians lost their lives, also the deaths of black slaves were 80000 plus.

According to various sources, the entire United States lost more than 1 million people (including all) during the whole conflict.


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