Who Was Involved In The Boston Tea Party?
The revolutionary patriotic organization, named ‘Sons of Liberty’ was involved in the execution of the Boston Tea Party incident.
The tea party took place on the night of the 16th of December 1773.
The event was led by the famous patriotic leader Samuel Adams and executed by some around 116 members of the organization.
As resistance to the unjust Tea Act of 1773, the organization’s patriots threw away 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor, Atlantic Ocean.
While executing the job, patriots wore dresses like native Americans (Red Indians).
This large quantity of tea brought by the British East India Company to sell in the North American colonies.
But when the incident took place, it led East India Company into heavy economic losses; current valuation of around 1.8 million USD.
Therefore, to punish the colonists for the sin, from the next year (1774), the British government started passing five punishing laws.
The parliament of Great Britain named them ‘Coercive Acts’. However, colonists named them ‘Intolerable Acts’.
Because they believed those laws were violating all their rights of being British citizens.
But whatever the parliament of Britain and King George III did, it proved not as their clever decision.
Because their action led the whole game to the Revolutionary war and then they had to lose all the 13 colonies forever.
Now, I hope you have got your answer.
A Short Introduction of Sons of Liberty
Sons of Liberty was America’s one of the most popular revolutionary organizations.
The organization founded by the patriotic leader Samuel Adams in 1765.
The organization mainly focused on fighting against the British government imposing unfavorable tax acts.
During the time of the 1765’s Stamp Act, it played a vital role in repealing it.
What Caused The Boston Tea Party?
In short and direct answer, the tea party was the result of the British government’s foolish ‘Taxation Without Representation’ formula.
Actually, the people of the 13 colonies of America had no representatives in the parliament of Great Britain.
Though for a long time, colonists had been demanding the British government to allow their own leaders in London’s parliament; but they gave it no importance.
The colonialists used to show that if the British Parliament can make laws for us, then it is necessary for us to be our own representative in the Parliament.
In the year 1773, the parliament passed a Tea Act with the intention to monopolize the North American Colonies’ entire tea market via their East India Company.
To make this agenda possible, they specifically reduced the taxes on the company’s imports of tea to the colonies.
For this reason, the prices of the tea that the company used to import significantly reduced.
However, not everyone was happy with this formula.
Especially, the merchants and shippers of the colonies, who were already associated with the tea business got highly threatened.
They started protesting against this law, many even said the parliament was trying to re-validate 1767’s Townshend Acts.
Finally, after all these incidents, on 16th December 1773, as an act of resistance to the Tea Act 1773, patriots from the Sons of Liberty executed the Boston Tea Party.
However, after that, the parliament passed 5 punitive laws to punish colonists.