Who Was Involved In The Sugar Act of 1764?
There were two main sides, who involved with the American Revenue Act or the Sugar Act of 1764.
On one side, the Parliament of Great Britain, who passed the law to increase their revenue and prevent smuggling.
On the other side merchants and shippers, who lived in the 13 American colonies.
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The act affected negatively to the merchants and shippers too much.
For imposing an indirect tax on sugar and molasses, the British Parliament passed it on the 5th April of 1764.
The act arrived in colonies, while they were suffering from economic crisis due to the losses caused by the Seven Years’ War.
What Was The Main Purpose of The Sugar Act of 1764?
Due to the Seven Years’ War, the economy of Great Britain was about to bankrupt.
Therefore, to regain their economic condition to a better level, they started imposing some taxes on the colonies they had, at that time.
This imposition did not only take place in the 13 colonies of North America but they did it all over the world, where they had colonies.
In the 13 colonies, they mainly implemented the Sugar act of 1764 with two main intentions.
The first is for raising revenue and the second is for ending the smuggling and corruption in the trade of sugar and molasses with the French and West Indies.
Need to know: In the years 1651, 1660, and 1663, the Parliament already passed some Navigation acts to raise taxes. But still, they were not taking strict steps to implement those acts properly. Either, it wasn’t even important then.
How Did The Sugar Act Affect The 13 Colonies?
Though the Parliament of Great Britain implemented this act as an indirect taxing act; but colonists were well aware of the act’s existence.
Although, rather than common people, it mostly affected merchants who before made profits through smuggling.
Because the new act made stricter old navigation laws and hence smuggling became far riskier than ever before.
Due to these decisions of the British Parliament, waves of protest in the colonies started growing gradually.
Mainly in the province of Massachusetts, two leaders took the main role to make the protest stronger and stronger.
They were Samuel Adams and James Otis.
They encouraged the people to protest by showing this argument that the law was trying to take their privileges of British citizens.
Did The Parliament Repeal This Act?
Yes, the British Parliament had to repeal the Sugar Act in 1766.
Due to the increasing number of violence and the economic threat they had to do it.
Although, at the same time they passed another act, called the ‘Revenue Act’ of 1766.
This was almost similar to the Sugar Acr, except the new one’s taxing amount was a little less.