Who Was Involved In The Sugar Act of 1764?
Two sides were involved with the American Revenue Act or the Sugar Act of 1764.
On one side, it was the Parliament of Great Britain. They passed the law to increase their revenue and prevent smuggling.
On the other side merchants and shippers. They lived in the 13 American colonies.
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The act negatively affected the merchants and shippers too much.
For imposing an indirect tax on sugar and molasses, the British Parliament passed it on the 5th April of 1764.
The act arrived in colonies while they were suffering from economic crisis due to the losses caused by the Seven Years’ War.
What Was The Main Purpose of The Sugar Act of 1764?
Because of the Seven Years’ War, the economy of Great Britain was about to bankrupt.
Therefore to regain their economic condition to a better level, the British Parliament started imposing some taxes on the 13 colonies.
This imposition did not only take place in the 13 colonies of North America, but they did it all over the world (wherever they had colonies).
In the 13 colonies, the English authority mainly implemented the Sugar act with two main intentions.
The first is for raising revenue and the second is to end the smuggling and corruption in the trade of sugar and molasses with the French and West Indies.
Need to know: In 1651, 1660, and 1663 the Parliament already passed some Navigation acts to raise taxes. But still, they were not taking strict steps to implement those acts properly. Either way, it wasn’t so important then.
How Did The Sugar Act Affect The 13 Colonies?
Though the Parliament of Great Britain implemented this act as an indirect taxation act, colonists were well aware of the act’s existence.
Although, rather than common people, it mostly affected merchants who before made profits through smuggling.
Because the new act made stricter old navigation laws and hence smuggling became far riskier than ever before.
Due to these decisions of the British Parliament, waves of protest in the colonies started growing gradually.
In Massachusetts, two leaders took the main role to make the protest stronger and stronger.
They were Samuel Adams and James Otis.
They encouraged the people to protest by showing the argument that the law was trying to take their privileges of being British citizens.
Did The Parliament Repeal This Act?
Yes, the British Parliament had to repeal the Sugar Act in 1766.
Due to the increasing violence and the economic threat, they had to do it.
Although, at the same time, they passed another act, called the Revenue Act of 1766.
This was almost similar to the Sugar Act, except the new one’s taxation amount was a little less.