Why Did The Colonists Call The Coercive Acts The Intolerable Acts?
If in Britain the five laws passed during 1774 were called Coercive Acts then why did the colonists of the 13 colonies called it ‘Intolerable Acts’?
Its main reason was, the British Parliament passed all those laws for their interest only.
But those laws were completely against the American colonists’ interests.
|Answer In Short:
Before Independence, The Colonists Living In 13 Colonies Considered Themselves As British Citizens.
Colonists Always Wanted The British Government To Treat Them The Same Way As They Did To The People Living In England.
But In 1774, When The English Parliament Passed The 5 Intolerable Acts, They Considered The Move As An Injustice To Their Rights of Being British Citizens.
They Believed That By Passing All These Laws, The British Parliament Was Violating The Rights of The People Living In The 13 Colonies.
This Was The Main Reason, Why Even Though Parliament Named The Five Laws ‘Coercive Acts‘; But Colonists Named Them ‘Intolerable Acts’.
Great Britain imposed all the laws on colonists as an act of revenge for the Boston Tea Party.
But why they tried to take revenge on the colonists for the Boston Tea Party?
Actually, it caused heavy economic losses for the British East India Company, and at the same time, the event was a major challenge for the authority of Great Britain over the 13 colonies.
Therefore, even though not all colonists involved in that incident but those acts targeted all the people of the colonies; especially Bostonians.
Colonists objected that the parliament was trying to abrogate their rights being English citizens.
Because if they would consider them as English citizens, they wouldn’t even think to impose those bad acts on colonists’ heads like that.
So, this was why the Coercive Acts were named the Intolerable Acts by the colonists.
How It Changed The Mindset of Colonists?
At very first, before these all problems began, most of the people in the 13 colonies considered themselves as British citizens.
After all, Great Britain was their mother country.
Earlier they never even thought that they would do a rebellion against their mother country for achieving full independence.
In summary, they were quite happy as being English citizens.
But when the English Parliament started bringing these types of punitive laws to punish the colonists, there was nothing left for them to understand that England had never been considering them as their own citizens.
They also learned that the English King George III had no sympathy towards them, the 13 colonies were just a source of wealth and money for England, but not an actual part of them.
Hence, as a result, it provoked them to choose the path of rebellion and achieve full independence.
On July 4th 1776, via the Declaration of Independence, the 13 colonies declared independence from Great Britain and formed a new nation.
Of course, no doubt, it is our United States of America.
Now, lets see what were those five Intolerable Acts were…
What Were Those Coercive Acts?
1. Boston Port Act: This one closed all the trades through the Boston port, Massachusetts. Under this law the parliament demanded compensation for the Boston Tea Party.
2. Massachusetts Government Act: This one transferred all the ruling power from Massachusetts’ local leaders’ to the hand of the royally appointed British governor. This one abrogated the Massachusetts Charter of 1691.
3. Administration of Justice Act: This act indirectly allowed British officers to do crime in the colonies and run away to other parts of the British Empire.
4. Quartering Act: This law again allowed British troops to forcefully find shelter in colonists’ private homes.
5. Quebec Act: Through the Quebec Act they tried to decrease the land area of America’s Midwest region.