Why Did France Help The American In The Revolutionary War?
Let’s learn four main causes why did the Empire of France help the American patriots in the Revolutionary War.
Overview of the four causes:
1. France and Great Britain were enemies. They were in a rivalry to dominate the entire world.
2. France Empire wanted to take revenge on the British Empire for the defeat of the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763).
3. They still hoped to gain the old territories lost during the Seven Years’ War.
4. French king Louis XVI wanted to regain the glory of the French Empire.
1. France And Great Britain Were Enemies
Both France and Britain were staunch enemies of each other.
Although for thousands of years they had been involving in too many armed conflicts; but their hostility became hard-headed from the late 17th century.
At that time, in 1689 they were involved in the Second Hundred Years’ War.
Many historians consider this war as the beginning point of their staunch enmity, which lasted till 1815.
On the other hand, then, France and Great Britain were the two most powerful (superpowers) nations in the world, so there was always a struggle between them to make themselves better than each other.
This was the first reason France favored the rebels during the American War of Independence.
Because the enemy’s enemy is a friend.
[Did You Know? The French Empire Directly Entered In Armed Conflict In The American Revolutionary War From 1778, Though The Conflict Already Began In 1775]
2. France Wanted To Take Revenge For The Defeat of The Seven Years’ War
If you don’t know, I want to tell you one thing that just before the American Revolution began, Britain and France fought a major war, in which France faced heavy defeat.
This war was none other, but the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763).
As a result of this conflict, France Empire had lost all its colonies in the American continent.
But whatever happened, they never forget and were still seeking a better opportunity to take revenge on Britain.
When the Revolutionary War began, French King Louis XVI provided their support to the revolutionists.
Many historians consider the defeat of France in the Seven Years’ War as the main reason for their involvement in the American Revolution.
[Did You Know? Second Continental Congress Appointed Three Diplomats And Send Them To France For Requesting Help From King Louis XVI. Those Diplomats Were Benjamin Franklin, Arther Lee, And Silas Deane. On February 6th, 1778, They Signed A Treaty of Amity, Treaty of Alliance, And The Treaty of Commerce With French Empire]
3. They Still Hoped To Gain The Old Territories Lost During The Seven Years’ War
Though France supported American revolutionaries against the British Red Coats; but still they had some greed for gaining the old territories they lost during the Seven Years’ War.
Perhaps they were imagining that after driving Britain away from the American colonies, they would come back and take control.
However, it never came into reality because due to the involvement in the war of independence, France’s economy’s spine also broke down.
They accumulated over 1 billion livres in debt.
On the other hand, the bell of the inevitable France revolution was also started plucking.
So, entering again in more wars was beyond their imagination.
In short, King Louis XVI became busy solving their internal issues.
[Did You Know? Before The Seven Years’ War, France Controlled A Large Area of North America; Such As Canada, Louisiana, Etc. But Once, They Faced Defeat And Had To Sign The Treaties of Paris And Hubertusburg In February 1763, They Lost All Their Control From The Continent]
4. To Regain The Glory of The French Empire
The French Empire was a vast empire extending from America to Asia and African continents.
At that time, this country had many colonies on these continents.
For these reasons, the France Empire had a special glory in the world.
But due to the defeat in the Seven Years’ War against Britain, somewhere this glory got badly shocked.
King Louis XVI afraid that it would encourage other European expansionists powers to raise their heads against his country.
Therefore, in case of showing their power and regain glory, they were involved in the American Revolutionary War.
[Did You Know? Though King Louis XVI Succeeded In His Intention of Joining The Revolutionary War of America’s Independence; But Just After A Few Years, Revolution Broke Out In His Own Nation. Even, The Revolution Proved Completely Against Louis’s Interests That He Had To Lose His Own Life]