Why Did The First European Settlers Come To America?
Mainly there are five reasons why did the first (or early) European settlers come to America.
If you don’t know, who the first settlers are then let me tell you that they are Spanish.
So now, let’s break the five reasons down below and see what actually they are:
Political Reason – Creating New Colonies For Their Mother Countries
First of all, great European powers like Britain, France, Spain, and, Portugal always focused on creating new colonies around the world.
These powers competed to be the owner of more and more colonies.
They wanted to make their political influence spread globally, not just get contained in their own land segment.
On the other hand, those powers were like cutthroat rivals of each other. Hence they wanted to make their own self more powerful than their rivals.
Even powers like Great Britain granted various privileges for companies like East India, Virginia Company to dominate poor and weak countries through trade.
This type of strategy later helped them to colonize those poor countries easily and expand their land areas.
When in 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the new continents, European governments, and the kings started encouraging their people to migrate and live there.
So, politics was the first reason, why did those first European settlers also come to America.
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Economic Reason – In Search of Wealth And Money
For the new European settlers, America was like a greedy world, where they expected to get so much wealth, gold, and money.
In search of wealth, the first Spanish settlers went to the new world and then the British, Portuguese, French one by one.
First Spanish settlers found so much Gold, Silver, Pearls, and other various precious metals.
They also found massive prosperity on the new worlds’ agricultural side.
Seeing Spanish’s success in the new world, other countries people also started migrating here.
Especially, business-minded people brought workers to the new world as laborers.
For this purpose, they also started capturing its native people and importing Blacks slaves from the African continent.
Over time, the majority of those laborers started living here as its permanent resident and became Americans.
Religious Purpose – Expansion of Own Religious Ideologies
European settlers wanted to spare own religious belief around the world.
Mainly, the expansion of Christianism was their main religious motive.
Even, they succeeded in doing it in various countries.
Especially, in Africa, the impact was already so much higher.
In 1492, when they learned about the existence of the new world, authorities swift their movements to send Christian missionaries there.
So, expanding religious belief was also a reason why did the first European settlers come to America.
Military Causes – Why Did The First European Settlers Come To America?
As we have mentioned above, most of the European countries were rivals of each other. They were cutthroat enemies.
For this reason, they had to involve in wars from time to time.
Great Britain, France, Portugal, Spain were always conscious to create more and more military bases around the world.
Because the higher number of military bases can help them to get more benefits during wartime.
After the discovery of America, no European country wanted to leave this opportunity to its enemies.
Therefore, as much as possible, they started sending their people to the new continents and colonize it.
With A Hope of Better Life In The New World
It is also true that most of the Europeans migrated to these new continents so that they could have an advanced life.
As per history, we found that most of these people lived a humiliating life in Europe due to the dominance of religion (Christian Catholic) and monarchy.
Without the rule of religion and the feudalist system, here they hoped that they would get a better life with more liberty, equality, and happiness.