Why Was The Battle of Midway Important?

In the year 1942, on the 4th June at 4 am the battle of Midway began and ran for four days consistently. It ended on the 7th of June.

Recently one of our users asked us a question that why was the battle of midway such an important event in the theater of WW2.

Short Answer:

  • Japan’s Military Strength Went Weaker After Midway’s Battle.
  • Japan Also Lost The Hope of Controlling The Whole Pacific Ocean.
  • Allied Nations’ Morale Went Stronger To Win WW2.
  • The United States of America Became Stronger.

Well, in a simple sentence, it was important because it turned out the motion flow of the Second Great War completely.

But how?

Read these four points below, you will easily understand why it was such an important battle.

Why Was The Battle of Midway Important
Why Was The Battle of Midway Important

Japan’s Military Strength Went Weaker After Midway’s Battle

The defeat of Midway’s battle had become a major wound on the imperialist Japanese Empire.

Japanese hoped that they would win the battle of Midway and to make it possible, their leaders named Admiral Yamamoto, Nobutake Kondo, Chuichi Nagumo, and Tamon Yamaguchi had an amazing masterplan.

Even, as per the plan, in the first phase of the battle, they fought using their full military capability.

But later as they expected, it didn’t happen.

Contrary, the game went against them. Mainly, US intelligence spoiled their entire plan.

The United States’ intelligence was already aware of their plan for Midway. They captured Japanese massages many days before.

As a result, Japan had to pay a big price.

During that four days battle, Japan lost the lives of 3057 experienced military personals; four of their main aircraft carriers, named Akagi, Soryu, Kaga, and Hiryu got destroyed; lost two destroyers name Arashio (Due to bombing), Asashio; 292 aircrafts got destroyed and faced many other major casualties. 

After this battle, the military power of Japan reduced significantly. And therefore, their influence in WW2 also became much weaker.

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Why Was The Battle of Midway Important

Japan Also Lost The Hope of Controlling The Whole Pacific Ocean

In the case of natural resources, Japan was always a poor country.

For a long time, they had been importing various natural resources including Oil, Coal from other countries; mostly from Soviet Union, China, and the United States.

Before World War 2, they imported more than 50 percent of the resources from the United States.

But, from the late 1930s, they started taking expansionists policies against other countries, mainly against China.

To counter the Japanese aggression, the United States of America imposed some heavy economic sanctions against them.

Due to this economic embargo, Japan started facing a lot of difficulties in meeting the shortage of natural resources.

However, they knew that the Pacific ocean was a massive source of natural resources.

Therefore, now to fulfill the need, they turned their motive to become the only emperor on the entire Pacific.

But there was a problem on their route and it was America.

Japan wanted somehow to end the United States’ influence from the Pacific.

As an act of its execution, on December 7th, 1941, Japan attacked the USA’s Pearl Harbor Island.

Here they succeed in causing huge casualties but failed to break the backbone of the US navy.

Hence again, with the same purpose, they also planned to attack Midway; but somehow, this time, American intelligence already got information about that.

Earlier, the Japanese thought that after Midway’s attack, the USA would never be able to interfere in the Pacific region.

And using this opportunity, they would bring the US government to the table for peace negotiation.

But when the battle broke out, Japan had to face heavy defeat.

The defeat was so intense that it finished their entire hope of controlling the whole Pacific alone.

Midway’s battle increased the US influence in the Pacific Ocean too much.


Allied Nations’ Morale Went Stronger To Win WW2

During World War 2 Japan, Italy, and Germany were fighting together against the Allied power nations.

Starting years of the War, there was a time came, when the Axis power was about to dominate the whole world.

But when Japan lost in the Midway’s battle and went weaker on the military side, then Allied nations’ morale went stronger.

It raised hope among Allied nations that they would win WW2. Because after this, Japan’s role did not remain as powerful as before. 


The United States of America Became Much Stronger

After the decisive victory in the Midway battle, the United States of America became stronger than ever in WW2.

Their navy, Air force, and Ground military’s power and confidence went higher.

In 1945, the USA attacked Japan with Nuclear weapons.

The two atom bombs (Littleboy and Fatman), dropped in two of the main Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Within just three days, it caused the deaths of lakhs of Japanese people.

After that, Japan surrendered to them and it ended World War 2.


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